Houthi involvement in the Israel–Hamas war

Houthi involvement in the Israel–Hamas war

Contents

During the 2023 Israel–Hamas war, the Houthi movement in Yemen, aligned with Hamas, launched attacks targeting Israel. They employed missiles and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), some of which were intercepted by the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) over the Red Sea using the Arrow missile defense system; others fell short of their targets or were intercepted by the United States Navy and the Israeli Air Force. Additionally, Houthi forces have launched rocket and missile attacks on commercial vessels of various nations in the Red Sea off the coast of Yemen, in the Bab-el-Mandeb strait, a chokepoint of the global economy.

Background

The Houthi movement is a Shiite militant organization which controls northern Yemen and is supported and funded by Iran;[4] it reportedly serves as Iran’s proxy in regional wars.[5] In August 2018, a United Nations document had revealed that North Korea had also funded and supported the Houthis via Syria after a meeting between a Houthi member and a North Korean government official.[6][7][8] The movement’s slogan is “Death to America, Death to Israel, Curse the Jews, Victory to Islam.”[9]

After the outbreak of the 2023 Israel–Hamas war, militant groups across the Middle East, including the Houthis, expressed support for the Palestinians and threatened to attack Israel. Houthi leader Abdul-Malik al-Houthi warned the United States against intervening, threatening retaliation with drones and missiles.[10]

Types of weapons used by the Houthis

Houthi weapons come mainly from Iran.[5] They are known to use surface-to-surface missiles, artillery rockets and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).[11] They have several missiles and UAVs capable of reaching Israel from Yemen:

  • Toufan – a surface-to-surface missile, with a range of 1,800 km (1,100 mi).[12]
  • Cruise missiles – from the Iranian Soumar family, with strike ranges of about 2,000 km (1,200 mi).[12]
  • Quds-2 missile – supposedly with a range of 1,350 km (840 mi) but made to strike Israel.[13]
  • 3-Samad and 4-Samad – attack UAVs with ranges of 1,800 km (1,100 mi)+.[13]
  • Wa’id drones – similar to Iran’s Shahed 136, attack UAV with a range of 2,500 km (1,600 mi).[13]

Events

October 2023

On 19 October 2023, U.S. officials said the United States Navy destroyer USS Carney shot down three land-attack cruise missiles and several drones heading toward Israel launched by the Houthis in Yemen. This was the first action by the U.S. military to defend Israel since the outbreak of the war.[10] It was later reported that the ship shot down four cruise missiles and 15 drones.[14] Another missile was reportedly intercepted by Saudi Arabia.[15]

On 27 October 2023, two drones were fired in a northerly direction from the southern Red Sea. According to Israel Defense Forces (IDF) officials, their target was Israel, but they did not cross the border from Egypt. Of the two drones, one fell short and hit a building adjacent to a hospital in Taba, Egypt, injuring six; the other was shot down near an electricity plant close to the town of Nuweiba, Egypt.[16][17][18] A Houthi official later made a one-word post on Twitter after the drone crashed in Taba, mentioning the nearby Israeli town of Eilat.[19]

On 31 October, an alert was triggered in Eilat, Eilot and the Shahorit industrial park area regarding the penetration of hostile aircraft from the Red Sea. The aircraft was successfully intercepted over the Red Sea. The Arrow system intercepted a ballistic missile and the Air Force intercepted several cruise missiles fired from the Red Sea towards Eilat. The Houthis took responsibility for the launches.[20] One cruise missile was shot down by an F-35i Adir jet.[21] The downing of the missile by the Arrow marks the first time it has been used in the Israel–Hamas war.[22] According to Israeli officials, the interception occurred above Earth’s atmosphere above the Negev Desert, making it the first instance of space warfare in history.[23]

November 2023

On 1 November at 0:45, the IDF intercepted an air threat fired from Yemen and identified south of Eilat.[24] A U.S. MQ-9 Reaper drone was shot down off the coast of Yemen by Houthi air defences on 8 November; the Pentagon previously said that MQ-9 drones were flying over Gaza in an intelligence gathering role to aid in the hostage recovery efforts.[25] On 9 November, the Houthis fired a missile towards the city of Eilat.[26] The missile was intercepted by an “Arrow 3” missile, marking the first time it was used in an interception.[27]

On 14 November, the Houthis fired numerous missiles, one of which was aimed towards the city of Eilat. The missile was intercepted by an Arrow missile according to Israeli officials.[28] The following day, US officials said that USS Thomas Hudner shot down a drone, fired from Yemen, that was headed towards it.[29] On 22 November, the Houthis fired a cruise missile aimed towards the city of Eilat. Israeli officials said the missile was successfully shot down by an F-35.[30] On 23 November 2023, US officials said that the destroyer USS Thomas Hudner had shot down several attack drones launched from Yemen.[31]

On 29 November 2023, U.S. officials said the U.S. Navy destroyer USS Carney shot down a Houthi KAS-04 drone as the destroyer approached the Bab-el-Mandeb Strait.[32] On 30 November 2023, Saudi media reported that an Israeli airstrike caused an explosion at a Houthi arms depot in Sana’a, the capital of Yemen. Houthi officials denied the report, stating that a gas station was hit instead. A member of the Houthis’ political bureau, Hezam al-Asad, said that the explosion was caused by the remnants of a bomb left over from the Yemeni civil war.[33]

December 2023

On 6 December 2023, the Houthi movement launched several ballistic missiles at Israeli military posts in Eilat. On the same day, USS Mason shot down a drone launched from Yemen. There were no clear indications on what its target was.[34]

On 10 December 2023, the French Navy’s frigate Languedoc, operating in the Red Sea, intercepted two drones launched from Hodeida, a Houthi-held port.[35] The US Navy reportedly shot down 14 drones on 16 December 2023,[36] while Egyptian Air Defense Forces intercepted an object flying near Dahab.[37]

On 23 December 2023, an Israeli-affiliated, Liberian-flagged chemical products tanker was targeted by a UAV in the Arabian Sea, 200 km (120 miles) southwest of the coast of Veraval, India. The attack caused a fire on board, but there were no injuries reported. The tanker, which was carrying crude oil, had a crew of 20 Indians, and came from a port in Saudi Arabia. The Indian Navy responded to the incident, and sent ICGS Vikram to the tanker.[38][39]

Attacks on shipping in the Red Sea

Houthi attacks on shipping in the Red Sea
ShipFlagDateAttack TypeDetails
Galaxy Leader Bahamas19 November 2023HijackingBoarded by a Houthi Mi-17 and moved to the port of Hodeidah.
CMA CGM Symi Malta24 November 2023Drone strikeStruck and damaged by an Iranian Shahed 136, continued sailing as planned.
Unity Explorer Bahamas3 December 2023Anti-ship missile strikeAttacked twice; first unsuccessfully with an anti-ship ballistic missile and then successfully with an anti-ship missile. Minor damage reported by the crew.
Number 9 Panama3 December 2023Anti-ship missile strikeStruck by an anti-ship missile; crew reported damage but no casualties.
Sophie II Panama3 December 2023Anti-ship missile strikeStruck by an anti-ship missile; crew reported little to no damage.
Strinda Norway12 December 2023

Anti-ship missile strike

Drone attack

Struck by an anti-ship missile; crew reported damage and onboard fires. Later, a drone assessed to be heading for the Strinda was shot down by the French Navy frigate Languedoc.
Ardmore Encounter Marshall Islands13 December 2023

Hijacking

Anti-ship missile attack Drone attack

An initial hijacking attempt was interdicted by the USS Mason. This was followed by the launch of two anti-ship missiles, both of which missed. Finally, a one-way attack drone was shot down by the Mason before it could reach the vessel.
Maersk Gibraltar Hong Kong14 December 2023Anti-ship missile attackAn anti-ship missile was fired at the Gibraltar, but missed.
Al Jasrah Liberia15 December 2023Drone strikeStruck by a one-way attack drone; crew reported a fire which was extinguished.
MSC Palatium III Liberia15 December 2023Ballistic missile strikeStruck by a ballistic missile fired from Houthi territory; crew reported fires and damage.
Swan Atlantic Cayman Islands18 December 2023

Ballistic missile strike

Drone strike

Struck by a ballistic missile and a one-way attack drone; crew reported damage.
MSC Clara Panama18 December 2023Ballistic missile attackAn explosion in the water near the ship was reported with no ship damage or crew casualties. A Houthi spokesperson claimed responsibility for the attack.

On 19 November, the car transporter Galaxy Leader was hijacked by the Houthis, with 25 individuals on board.[40] The empty car transporter on route to India was boarded using a Mil Mi-17 helicopter.[51] The incident followed a statement by Houthi spokesman Yahya Sarea on the group’s Telegram channel, declaring their intention to target ships owned, operated by Israeli companies, or carrying the Israeli flag.[52] According to the ship’s owner, the vessel was then moved to the Yemeni port of Hodeidah.[53]

Sarea also urged countries to remove their citizens from crews of such ships. Earlier, Houthi leader Abdul-Malik al-Houthi had threatened further attacks against Israeli interests, including potential targets in the Red Sea and the Bab al-Mandeb Strait. His speech emphasized the group’s capability to monitor and target Israeli ships in these regions.[54]

On 24 November 2023, Iran allegedly attacked the CMA CGM Symi, a Malta-flagged container ship in the Indian Ocean.[55] A drone was shot down over the Red Sea by an IDF fighter jet.[56]

On 26 November 2023, the Liberian-flagged MV Central Park, an oil tanker managed by Zodiac Maritime, was seized off the coast of Yemen in the Gulf of Aden. It carried a full cargo of phosphoric acid with 22 crew members consisting of Russian, Vietnamese, Bulgarian, Indian, Georgian and Filipino nationals.[57] The destroyer USS Mason, along with a partner nation in the multilateral anti-piracy operation CTF 151, conducted a visit, board, search and seizure (VBSS) operation that facilitated the release of the Central Park and captured the hijackers on the ship following their attempted escape. The U.S. military reported that in the early morning hours of the following day, two ballistic missiles were fired in the direction of the Mason and the Central Park from Houthi territory in Yemen and ended up in the Gulf of Aden. The ship was not unharmed.[58][59] The five hijackers, all suspected Somali pirates, were detained by the U.S. Navy.[59][60]

On 3 December 2023, the United States Navy Arleigh Burke-class destroyer USS Carney reportedly shot down three attack drones launched from Yemen that were approaching the ship. After shooting down the drones, the ship responded to a distress call by three commercial ships in the area (the Unity ExplorerNumber 9 and Sophie II) which were under attack by ballistic missiles launched from Yemen.[44]

The Houthis claimed responsibility for two of the attacks. Houthi military spokesman Brigadier General Yahya Saree stated that one merchant vessel was hit by a missile and another by a drone while in the Bab el-Mandeb strait, without mentioning a warship.[44] A Pentagon source said that the attacks on Carney caused no injuries or damage.[61]

On 12 December 2023, the Houthis launched an anti-ship cruise missile attack against the Norwegian commercial ship Strinda, an oil and chemical tanker operated by the J. Ludwig Mowinckels Rederi company, while it was close to the Bab-el-Mandeb. The Strinda was on its way from Malaysia to Italy (via the Suez Canal). The attack caused a fire aboard the ship; no crew members were injured.[62][63] The ship was carrying cargo of palm oil. The French Armed Forces Ministry and U.S. Department of Defense reported that the Languedoc shot down a drone targeted at the Strinda, and the USS Mason also rendered aid. The Houthi attack on the Strinda was an expansion of its series of attacks against maritime shipping in the strait; the Houthis began to attack commercial vessels without any discernible tie to Israel.[63]

On 13 December 2023, Houthi rebels attempted to board the Ardmore Encounter, a Marshall Islands-flagged commercial tanker coming from Mangalore, India and en route to either Rotterdam, Netherlands or Gavle, Sweden, but failed, prompting a distress call from the ship. They then targeted the tanker with missiles, which missed. The USS Mason responded to the tanker’s distress call and shot down a UAV launched from a Houthi-controlled area. The Ardmore Encounter was able to continue its voyage without further incident.[64]

On 14 December 2023, a Houthi-launched missile was fired at the Maersk Gibraltar, though it missed its target.[65] On 15 December 2023, Houthi spokesperson Yahya Sarea claimed responsibility for attacks on two Liberian-flagged vessels identified as MSC Alanya and MSC Palatium III. The Houthis fired naval missiles at the ships as they alleged they were traveling to Israel.[66]

On 15 December, it was reported that the Liberian-flagged Al-Jasrah, which is owned by Hapag Lloyd, caught fire after being hit by a Houthi-launched projectile while sailing through the Bab el-Mandeb Strait.[67] On 16 December 2023, Royal Navy destroyer HMS Diamond shot down a drone over the Red Sea while it was targeting a commercial ship.[3]

On 18 December 2023, Houthis claimed to have launched attacks targeting two cargo vessels in the Red Sea near Mocha port, the MSC Clara and the Norwegian-owned Swan Atlantic. The Swan Atlantics owner, Inventor Chemical Tankers, said its water tank was damaged in the attack and denied it has any Israeli ties.[49]

Iranian involvement

According to Western intelligence officials the Iranian Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corp have placed an intelligence gathering ship to guide Houthi attacks on ships that switch off radios and identifiers. [68] According to the Institute for the Study War this is likely the Behshad which had replaced the Saviz which had been used to supply weapons and intelligence to the Houthis until it came under an Israeli limpet mine attack in April 2021.[69]

Impact

Houthi attacks have impacted shipping into Israel and local trade, with commercial shipping to the port of Eilat having almost completely ceased. Instead, commercial ships coming from Asia to Israel, as well as some commercial ships not destined for Israel, have started to go around Africa, which makes the journey around three weeks longer while increasing expenses.[70] By 21 December, over 100 container ships have been rerouted to go around Africa, each adding around 6,000 nautical miles to the trip distance.[71]

Another impact of Houthi involvement was that insurance costs for commercial ships that go through the Red Sea have increased; Israeli ships have seen an increase of 250%, and others were unable to get any insurance.[72]

While Israelis would face delays in the supply chain and price hikes, the effects on the Egyptian economy are more severe as shipping through the Suez Canal contributes nearly $9.4 billion to the Egyptian economy which is suffering from a debt crisis made worse by trade disruptions with Israel due to the war in Gaza.[73][74]

Major shipping companies suspended ship traffic through the Red Sea due to the attacks, including MSC,[75] Maersk,[76] CMA CGM,[77] COSCO,[78] Hapag-Lloyd,[79] and Evergreen Marine Corporation.[80] On 18 December, the British multinational oil and gas company BP also suspended all shipments through the Red Sea.[80]

On 21 December, the chief executive of Eilat Port said the port has seen an 85% drop in activity since the Yemeni attacks on shipping in the Red Sea.[81]

Responses

In a speech at a manufacturing exposition following the incident of 27 October, Egyptian president Abdel Fattah al-Sisi urged all parties in the 2023 Israel–Hamas war to respect Egypt’s sovereignty, and emphasized that the Egyptian Army was able to protect the country in case of any more attacks.[82]

In early December 2023, Israel called upon Western allies to respond to threats to maritime shipping from the Houthis; Israeli National Security Adviser Tzachi Hanegbi said that if threats continue, “we will act to remove this blockade.”[63]

While the U.S. Navy has shot down Houthi rockets and missiles in the Red Sea, the U.S. declined thus far to respond with military retaliation.[83][84] However, in early December 2023 the U.S. said that it was in talks with allies on the creation of a naval task force to provide protective escorts to commercial vessels in the Bab-el-Mandeb strait and Gulf of Aden region, similar to the naval escorts of vessels in the Arabian Gulf and through the Strait of Hormuz during the “Tanker War” of the 1980s.[84] The proposed name of the escort operation was “Prosperity Guardian”.[85]

The Southern Transitional Council reportedly said in December 2023 that it was willing to cooperate with Israel to fight against the Houthis.[86]

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 

References

  1. ^ “Yemen’s Houthis claim missile attack on Norwegian tanker in tense Middle East”Reuters. 12 December 2023. Archived from the original on 12 December 2023. Retrieved 12 December 2023.
  2. ^ “French warship intercepts Huthis aerial attack on Norwegian tanker near Red Sea”France24. 12 December 2023. Archived from the original on 12 December 2023. Retrieved 12 December 2023.
  3. Jump up to:a b Barber, Harriet (16 December 2023). “Israel-Hamas war latest news: British warship shoots down suspected attack drone in Red Sea”The TelegraphISSN 0307-1235Archived from the original on 16 December 2023. Retrieved 16 December 2023.
  4. ^ Bayoumy, Yara; Ghobari, Mohammed (15 December 2014). “Iranian support seen crucial for Yemen’s Houthis”ReutersArchived from the original on 20 February 2023. Retrieved 3 November 2023.
  5. Jump up to:a b “Iran warns proxy groups like the Houthis could expand operations against Israel”The Times of Israel. 1 November 2023. Archived from the original on 1 November 2023. Retrieved 2 November 2023.
  6. ^ “North Korea has not stopped nuclear, missile program: confidential U.N. report”. Reuters. 3 August 2018. Archived from the original on 6 December 2018. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  7. ^ “North Korea is hiding nukes and selling weapons, alleges confidential UN report”. CNN. 5 February 2019. Archived from the original on 1 June 2022. Retrieved 5 February 2019The summary also accuses North Korea of violating a UN arms embargo and supplying small arms, light weapons and other military equipment to Libya, Sudan, and Houthi rebels in Yemen, through foreign intermediaries.
  8. ^ “Secret UN report reveals North Korea attempts to supply Houthis with weapons”. Al-Arabiya. 4 August 2018. Archived from the original on 4 August 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2018The report said that experts were investigating efforts by the North Korean Ministry of Military Equipment and Korea Mining Development Trading Corporation (KOMID) to supply conventional arms and ballistic missiles to Yemen’s Houthi group.
  9. ^ Fabian, Emanuel (31 October 2023). “In first, Arrow downs Eilat-bound missile from ‘Red Sea area’; Houthis claim attack”The Times of IsraelArchived from the original on 31 October 2023. Retrieved 3 November 2023.
  10. Jump up to:a b Copp, Tara; Baldor, Lolita (19 October 2023). “US military shoots down missiles and drones as it faces growing threats in volatile Middle East”Associated PressArchived from the original on 19 October 2023. Retrieved 2 November 2023.
  11. ^ “Yemen’s Houthi rebels claim to launch major drone attack on Israel”The Times of Israel. 1 November 2023. Archived from the original on 2 November 2023. Retrieved 2 November 2023.
  12. Jump up to:a b “Interview: Inside the Houthi arsenal that can reach Israel”Amwaj.mediaArchived from the original on 2 November 2023. Retrieved 2 November 2023.
  13. Jump up to:a b c Jalal, Ibrahim. “The Houthis’ Red Sea missile and drone attack: Drivers and implications”Middle East InstituteArchived from the original on 3 November 2023. Retrieved 3 November 2023.
  14. ^ Liebermann, Oren (20 October 2023). “Incident involving US warship intercepting missiles near Yemen lasted 9 hours”CNNArchived from the original on 30 October 2023. Retrieved 30 October 2023.
  15. ^ “IntelBrief: Houthi Involvement in Mideast War Hinders Prospects for a Yemen Settlement”The Soufan Center. 8 November 2023. Archived from the original on 11 November 2023. Retrieved 10 November 2023.
  16. ^ Hassan, Ahmed Mohamed; Williams, Dan (27 October 2023). “Drone blasts hit two Egyptian Red Sea towns, Israel points to Houthi”ReutersArchived from the original on 27 October 2023. Retrieved 28 October 2023.
  17. ^ “Blasts hit two Egyptian Red Sea towns near Israel border, six injured”Al Jazeera EnglishArchived from the original on 7 November 2023. Retrieved 28 October 2023.
  18. ^ Fabian, Emanuel (27 October 2023). “Missile that hit Egypt likely came from Yemen, IDF indicates; 2nd Sinai impact reported”The Times of IsraelArchived from the original on 31 October 2023. Retrieved 2 November 2023.
  19. ^ “Yemen’s Houthi rebels appear to threaten Israel: ‘Eilat'”The Times of Israel. 28 October 2023. Archived from the original on 30 October 2023. Retrieved 2 November 2023.
  20. ^ Nereim, Vivian; Al-Batati, Saeed (31 October 2023). “Yemen’s Houthi militia claims to have launched an attack on Israel”The New York TimesISSN 0362-4331Archived from the original on 1 November 2023. Retrieved 2 November 2023.
  21. ^ Malyasov, Dylan (2 November 2023). “Israel shoots down Houthi cruise missiles using F-35i Adir fighter jets”Defence BlogArchived from the original on 2 November 2023. Retrieved 3 November 2023.
  22. ^ Fabian, Emanuel (1 November 2023). “In first, Arrow downs Eilat-bound missile from ‘Red Sea area’; Houthis claim attack”The Times of IsraelArchived from the original on 31 October 2023. Retrieved 3 November 2023.
  23. ^ Barber, Harriet (4 November 2023). “How Israel shot down a ballistic missile in space for the first time”The TelegraphISSN 0307-1235Archived from the original on 23 November 2023. Retrieved 24 November 2023.
  24. ^ “Houthis Claim Responsibility for Attack on Israel”Asharq Al-Awsat. 1 November 2023. Retrieved 2 November 2023.
  25. ^ Watson, Eleanor (8 November 2023). “U.S. MQ-9 Drone shot down off the coast of Yemen”CBS NewsArchived from the original on 8 November 2023. Retrieved 8 November 2023.
  26. ^ “Israel strikes Syria after drone hits southern Eilat city – Israeli military”Reuters. 9 November 2023. Archived from the original on 10 November 2023. Retrieved 11 November 2023.
  27. ^ Fabian, Emanuel (9 November 2023). “Israel’s Arrow 3 has made its 1st-ever interception, downing likely Yemen-fired missile”The Times of IsraelArchived from the original on 9 November 2023. Retrieved 9 November 2023.
  28. ^ “Yemen’s Houthis say they fired ballistic missiles towards Israel”Al Jazeera English. 14 November 2023. Archived from the original on 14 November 2023. Retrieved 15 November 2023.
  29. ^ Watson, Eleanor; Martin, David (15 November 2023). “U.S. Navy warship shoots down drone fired from Yemen”CBS NewsArchived from the original on 15 November 2023. Retrieved 15 November 2023.
  30. ^ Fabian, Emanuel (22 November 2023). “IDF says it shot down cruise missile — apparently fired by Houthis — over Red Sea”The Times of IsraelArchived from the original on 23 November 2023. Retrieved 22 November 2023.
  31. ^ Irwin, Lauren (23 November 2023). “US warship shoots down multiple ‘attack drones’ in Red Sea”The HillArchived from the original on 23 November 2023. Retrieved 23 November 2023.
  32. ^ Baldor, Lolita (29 November 2023). “US Navy warship shoots down a drone launched by Houthis from Yemen”Associated PressArchived from the original on 29 November 2023. Retrieved 29 November 2023.
  33. ^ “Israeli strike behind blast at Houthi weapons depot in Yemen’s capital — report”The Times of Israel. 1 December 2023. Archived from the original on 2 December 2023. Retrieved 3 December 2023.
  34. ^ “Yemen’s Houthis say they launched ballistic missiles at Israel”Reuters. 6 December 2023. Archived from the original on 6 December 2023. Retrieved 6 December 2023.
  35. ^ “French naval ship in Red Sea intercepts 2 drones launched from Houthi-held Yemen port”The Times of IsraelAgence France-Presse. 10 December 2023. Archived from the original on 12 December 2023. Retrieved 12 December 2023.
  36. ^ “US, UK forces down 15 drones over Red Sea as Houthis vow to keep up attacks on Israel”The Times of Israel. 16 December 2023. Archived from the original on 16 December 2023. Retrieved 16 December 2023.
  37. ^ “Egypt forces intercept, down flying object off Dahab coast”Ahram Online. 16 December 2023. Retrieved 16 December 2023.
  38. ^ “Drone attack hits ship off India’s coast with 20 Indians on board, crew safe”Hindustan Times. 23 December 2023. Retrieved 23 December 2023.
  39. ^ “Israel-affiliated merchant vessel hit by aerial vehicle off India’s coast”The Indian Express. 23 December 2023. Retrieved 23 December 2023.
  40. Jump up to:a b “Japan condemns Yemen’s Houthi rebels hijack of cargo ship in Red Sea”BBC News. 20 November 2023. Archived from the original on 24 November 2023. Retrieved 24 November 2023.
  41. ^ Cite error: The named reference :02 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  42. ^ Cite error: The named reference :12 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  43. ^ Bray, Julian; Guerry, Yannick (28 November 2023). “Second Israeli-owned ship attacked by Iran-backed forces as shadow war intensifies”TradeWinds. London. Archived from the original on 22 December 2023. Retrieved 22 December 2023.
  44. Jump up to:a b c d e “3 commercial ships hit by missiles in Houthi attack in Red Sea, US warship downs 3 drones”Associated Press. 3 December 2023. Archived from the original on 4 December 2023. Retrieved 6 December 2023.
  45. ^ “CENTCOM Statement on missile attack in the Bab-el-Mandeb”U.S. Central Command. Retrieved 19 December 2023.
  46. ^ “CENTCOM Statement of the attack on the Ardmore Encounter”U.S. Central Command. Retrieved 19 December 2023.
  47. ^ Cite error: The named reference :32 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  48. Jump up to:a b “Attacks from Houthi-controlled Yemen hit two ships”Reuters. 15 December 2023. Retrieved 20 December 2023.
  49. Jump up to:a b c “Yemen’s Houthis say they attack two more vessels in the Red Sea”Al Jazeera English. 18 December 2023. Archived from the original on 18 December 2023. Retrieved 19 December 2023.
  50. ^ “Norwegian-Owned Tanker Hit as Red Sea Attacks on Shipping Continue to Grow”The Maritime Executive. 18 December 2023. Archived from the original on 21 December 2023. Retrieved 21 December 2023.
  51. ^ Gambrell, Jon (22 November 2023). “Yemen rebels’ helicopter-borne attack on ship raises risks in Red Sea”Associated PressArchived from the original on 23 November 2023. Retrieved 24 November 2023.
  52. ^ “Yemen’s Houthis say will target all ships owned, operated by Israeli companies”Al Arabiya English. 19 November 2023. Archived from the original on 25 November 2023. Retrieved 24 November 2023.
  53. ^ “Seized Galaxy Leader ship in Yemen’s Hodeidah port area -owner”Reuters. 20 November 2023. Archived from the original on 20 November 2023. Retrieved 21 November 2023.
  54. ^ “Yemen’s Houthis hijack Israeli-linked ship in Red Sea, take 25 crew members hostage”Al Arabiya English. 19 November 2023. Archived from the original on 26 November 2023. Retrieved 24 November 2023.
  55. ^ Gambrell, Jon (25 November 2023). “An Israeli-owned ship was targeted in suspected Iranian attack in Indian Ocean, US official tells AP”Associated Press NewsArchived from the original on 25 November 2023. Retrieved 25 November 2023.
  56. ^ Fabian, Emanuel (25 November 2023). “IDF says it shot down a drone over Red Sea heading toward Eilat”The Times of IsraelArchived from the original on 25 November 2023. Retrieved 25 November 2023.
  57. ^ Gambrell, Jon. “Israeli-linked oil tanker seized off the coast of Aden, Yemen, intelligence firm says”ABC News. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 26 November 2023. Retrieved 26 November 2023.
  58. ^ Gambrell, Jon (26 November 2023). “US Navy seizes attackers who held Israel-linked tanker. Missiles from rebel-controlled Yemen follow”Associated PressArchived from the original on 26 November 2023. Retrieved 26 November 2023.
  59. Jump up to:a b Lopez, C. (27 November 2023). “U.S., Partner Nation Task Force Respond to Commercial Vessel Distress Call”. U.S. Department of Defense. Archived from the original on 8 December 2023. Retrieved 11 December 2023.
  60. ^ Seligman, Lara (27 November 2023). “Pentagon: Suspected Somali pirates behind cargo ship attack in the Middle East”PoliticoArchived from the original on 27 November 2023. Retrieved 27 November 2023.
  61. ^ Cooper, Helene (3 December 2023). “U.S. Navy Destroyer Is Attacked in Red Sea, Pentagon Says”The New York TimesArchived from the original on 3 December 2023. Retrieved 3 December 2023.
  62. ^ Stewart, Phil; Awadalla, Nadine (12 December 2023). “Yemen’s Houthis claim attack on Norwegian tanker”ReutersArchived from the original on 12 December 2023. Retrieved 12 December 2023.
  63. Jump up to:a b c Gambrell, Jon (12 December 2013). “A missile fired by Yemen’s Houthi rebels strikes a Norwegian-flagged tanker in the Red Sea”Associated Press NewsArchived from the original on 12 December 2023. Retrieved 12 December 2023.
  64. ^ “US shoots down ‘aerial vehicle’ launched from Yemen’s Houthi-held area”Al JazeeraArchived from the original on 13 December 2023. Retrieved 14 December 2023.
  65. ^ “Missile fired from rebel-controlled Yemen misses a container ship in Bab el-Mandeb Strait”Associated Press. 14 December 2023. Archived from the original on 14 December 2023. Retrieved 14 December 2023.
  66. ^ National, The (15 December 2023). “Israel-Gaza war live: Houthis claim attacks on ships in Red Sea”The NationalArchived from the original on 15 December 2023. Retrieved 15 December 2023.
  67. ^ “Cargo ship in the Red Sea hit and set ablaze by projectile launched from Yemen”The Times of IsraelArchived from the original on 16 December 2023. Retrieved 16 December 2023.
  68. ^ “Iranian Spy Ship Helps Houthis Direct Attacks on Red Sea Vessels”WSJ. Retrieved 23 December 2023.
  69. ^ “IRAN UPDATE, DECEMBER 22, 2023”Institute for the Study of War. Retrieved 23 December 2023.
  70. ^ Ravid, Barak (15 December 2023). “U.S. warns Houthis to stop attacks in Red Sea”AxiosArchived from the original on 15 December 2023. Retrieved 15 December 2023.
  71. ^ Jolly, Jasper (20 December 2023). “More than 100 container ships rerouted from Suez canal to avoid Houthi attacks”The Guardian. Retrieved 22 December 2023.
  72. ^ Bonell, Courtney; McHugh, David (14 December 2023). “How are Houthi seizures in the vital Red Sea shipping lane impacting global trade?”The Times of IsraelArchived from the original on 14 December 2023. Retrieved 15 December 2023.
  73. ^ “The $9.4 billion dilemma: Egypt will need to act against Houthis to protect Suez Canal”ctech. 18 December 2023. Archived from the original on 19 December 2023. Retrieved 19 December 2023.
  74. ^ “Egypt could be big casualty of Houthi attacks on Israel”Globes. 12 May 2023. Archived from the original on 19 December 2023. Retrieved 19 December 2023.
  75. ^ LaRocco, Lori Ann (16 December 2023). “MSC, the world’s largest shipping carrier, joins shipping giants Hapag-Lloyd and Maersk in Red Sea travel pause amid attacks”CNBCArchived from the original on 16 December 2023. Retrieved 16 December 2023.
  76. ^ “Maersk to pause all container ship traffic through the Red Sea”Reuters. 15 December 2023. Retrieved 16 December 2023.
  77. ^ “More shipping giants suspend passage via Red Sea after attacks”Al Monitor. 16 December 2023. Archived from the original on 16 December 2023. Retrieved 16 December 2023.
  78. ^ “Chinese Shipping Giant COSCO Halts Red Sea Transit Amid Attacks”Caixin Global. 19 December 2023. Retrieved 22 December 2023.
  79. ^ “Shipping firms suspend Red Sea traffic after Yemen rebel strikes”The Japan Times. 16 December 2023. Archived from the original on 16 December 2023. Retrieved 16 December 2023.
  80. Jump up to:a b Jones, Lora (18 December 2023). “BP pauses all Red Sea shipments after rebel attacks”BBCArchived from the original on 18 December 2023. Retrieved 18 December 2023.
  81. ^ Rabinovitch, Ari (21 December 2023). “Israel’s Eilat Port sees 85% drop in activity amid Red Sea Houthi attacks”reuters.com. Retrieved 21 December 2023.
  82. ^ “Sisi Urges All to Respect Egypt’s Sovereignty after Drone Incidents”Asharq Al-Awsat. 28 October 2023. Archived from the original on 10 December 2023. Retrieved 10 December 2023.
  83. ^ Baldor, Lolita (7 December 2023). “Who are the Houthis and why hasn’t the US retaliated for their attacks on ships in the Middle East?”Associated Press NewsArchived from the original on 12 December 2023. Retrieved 12 December 2023.
  84. Jump up to:a b Lillis, Katie; Bertrand, Natasha (7 December 2023). “US military in talks to escort commercial ships in Red Sea amid attacks from Iranian-backed militants”CNNArchived from the original on 12 December 2023. Retrieved 12 December 2023.
  85. ^ Altman, Howard (16 December 2023). “Newly Formed Operation Prosperity Guardian To Protect Red Sea Shipping”The DriveArchived from the original on 16 December 2023. Retrieved 16 December 2023.
  86. ^ “Yemen’s STC ‘ready to work with Israel’ against Houthis”New Arab. 12 December 2023. Archived from the original on 14 December 2023. Retrieved 14 December 2023.

More on the subject...

https://www.unitedxp.co.il/wp-content/uploads/2024/04/סין.png
Shipping and importing products from China to Israel

In the vast landscape of global trade, there exists a bridge connecting two distant lands—one adorned with the intricate tapestry of ancient traditions, the other pulsating with the vibrancy of modern...

https://www.unitedxp.co.il/wp-content/uploads/2024/03/הסכמי-סחר.png
The impact of trade agreements on global trade dynamics

In the intricate web of global commerce, trade agreements serve as the invisible threads that bind economies together, shaping the very fabric of international trade dynamics. As we delve into the realm...

https://www.unitedxp.co.il/wp-content/uploads/2024/03/international-trade.png
Unlocking Success: The Power of International Trade in Today's Market

In a world where borders are becoming more blurred than ever before, one cannot underestimate the colossal impact of international trade on shaping the global economy. The intricate web of transactions...

https://www.unitedxp.co.il/wp-content/uploads/2024/02/עותק-של-עותק-של-עותק-של-עותק-של-קול-המס-2200-x-700-פיקסל-2200-x-700-פיקסל.png
TIR (Transports Internationaux Routiers, International Road Transport)

With over 66 countries using the procedure, the TIR system is the international customs transit system with the widest geographical coverage.  Because the TIR Convention 1975 is directly applicable, there...

https://www.unitedxp.co.il/wp-content/uploads/2024/02/האיחוד-האירופי-פתח-במבצע-ימי-בים-סוף.png
Security and freedom of navigation in the Red Sea: Council launches EUNAVFOR ASPIDES

The Council launched today EUNAVFOR ASPIDES. The objective of this defensive maritime security operation is to restore and safeguard freedom of navigation in the Red Sea and the Gulf. With the launch...

https://www.unitedxp.co.il/wp-content/uploads/2024/01/Blue-Modern-Gradient-Corporate-Business-Agency-Postcard.png
EU trade relations with Israel. Facts, figures and latest developments.

The legal basis for the EU’s trade relations with Israel is the EU-Israel Association Agreement, which entered into force in June 2000. The agreement aims to provide an appropriate legal and institutional...

https://www.unitedxp.co.il/wp-content/uploads/2024/01/נתיבי-סחר.png
International trade agreements

In today’s increasingly interconnected world, the future of global commerce rests upon the delicate balance struck by international trade agreements. These agreements serve as the backbone of the...

https://www.unitedxp.co.il/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/מנהל-היבוא.png
Import Administration

The Import Administration works to promote competition and reduce the cost of living through promotion and diversification of imports. The administration operates on a variety of intra- and inter-ministerial...

https://www.unitedxp.co.il/wp-content/uploads/2024/01/מדריך-ליבוא-אישי.png
Personal Import Guide

This guide provides an overview for consumers who wish to import goods to Israel for their personal use. (more…)

https://www.unitedxp.co.il/wp-content/uploads/2024/01/Maersk-Hangzhou.png
Maersk Operations through Red Sea / Gulf of Aden

05 January 2024 – Update 07 On 2nd January 2024, A.P. Moller – Maersk announced that it would pause all vessels bound for the Red Sea / Gulf of Aden in light of the recent incident involving Maersk Hangzhou...

1 2 3 8